En stark och säker energipolitik – anförande i plenum
Utöver riskerna med osäker energitillgång och alla medföljande problem underströk Gunnar Hökmark också hur vi allt tydligare kunnat se hur regimer använder energileveranser som politiska påtryckningsmedel gentemot andra regeringar och stater. En utveckling som riskerar att leda till en fragmentering av den europeiska unionen och ett underminerande av den gemensamma utrikes- och säkerhetspolitiken.
Läs hela Gunnar Hökmarks anförande på engelska nedan:
Mr. President, when we are discussing the Strategic Energy Review, I think it is important to stress some of the risks we are facing – not only the risk of an insecure energy supply, with all ensuing problems, but also the fact that we are exposed to political pressure from regimes which use energy supplies as a lever to influence other governments. As a result, there is also a risk of fragmentation of the European Union, with Member States divided according to their different interests, thereby undermining the common foreign and security policy.
I think it is a good thing to see that the policies we need to tackle climate change with are very much the same as the policies we need in order to strengthen our energy security. Decreasing the use of fossil fuels means less dependence on unreliable suppliers. Increased supply from other energy sources means a decreasing demand for fossil fuels, lower prices for European citizens and not least a reduced cash flow to the oil regimes of the world.
This has huge security implications which we need to consider when we discuss the European Unions future energy strategy. I think some of the pieces will easily fall into place when we have this perspective. We need more of an internal market in the European Union because, in reality, that is the only guarantee for solidarity between the Member States. This means that we need to do more about cross-border connections and have a better grid, binding Member States together and thereby binding the market together.
We need to develop more bio fuels. I do not agree with those who say that there is a risk; it is possible for us in Europe as well as in other parts of the world to increase the area we are using. Even small contributions from bio fuels result in less dependence on fossil fuels and a change in prices.
I must also emphasize the issue of nuclear power. Sometimes I feel it is the elephant in the room, because it is one of the greatest potential contributors to the European Unions ability to reduce carbon dioxide emissions today and in the future. I would like to conclude on that note. If we try to bring all these elements together, we will have the opportunity not only for a stronger energy policy, but also for a stronger security policy.