Om Gunnar

Gunnar Hökmark

Gunnar Hökmark is a Member of the European Parliament since 2004. In January 2007 he was elected Vice-Chairman of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, a position he held until 2009.

Present positions

He is the leader of the Swedish delegation to the EPP and active in the Committee of Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Committee of Industry, Energy and Research. Gunnar Hökmark is also a member of the delegation to the EU-Serbia Stabilisation and Association Parliamentary Committee and active in the Delegation to the EURONEST Parliamentary Assembly.

Education

After having finished a B.A. in Business Administration and Economics in 1975 he joined Swedish Unilever 1976 as trainee and became product manager 1977. After his military service, parallel with his university studies, he became an officer in the Armoured Forces of the Swedish Army and is today a captain in the reserve.

Political Career

In 1979 he was elected Chairman of the Moderate Youth, a position he held till 1984. From 1981 to 1983 he was Chairman of the Democratic Youth Community of Europe, DEMYC.

He was elected to the Swedish Parliament in 1982. He served in the Swedish Parliament from 1982 to 2004 as a representative for the Stockholm region. In the Parliament he was the spokesman on privacy policy, energy policy and economic affairs, as well as President of the Standing Committee on Constitutional Affairs.

From 1991 until 2000 he was Secretary General of the Moderate Party.

Former Positions

In 1976, after his university studies, Gunnar Hökmark was employed by Unilever as a trainee, and in 1977 he became product manager. He stayed with Unilever until 1980, when he took over the chairmanship of the Moderate Youth.

In 1984 he joined the consultancy company KREAB, parallel to his parliamentary duties, where he prepared the introduction of a computer based information network, connecting business organizations, think tanks and commercial companies with electronic mail and media analysis. This network, Svenska informationsnätverket, was launched 1985 by the publishing house Timbro under his leadership.

In 1986 he became managing director of Timbro Idea and developed the think tank division of Timbro, which is today the leading think tank in Sweden. During the time at Timbro he headed the think tank and research activities and took also the initiative to and launched the City University in 1988.

1989 he started the so-called Monday movement, a popular movement supporting the independence of the Baltic States that spread all over Sweden, which today is manifested by a monument at the main meeting place in Stockholm, Norrmalmstorg. He is awarded with Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian orders.

In 1991 he left Timbro to become Secretary General of the Moderate Party but remained as a director of the board until 1994.

He was the Secretary General of the Moderate Party between 1991 and 2000, during which time he led a number of election campaigns as well as the referendum campaign about Sweden’s membership in the European Union. He was responsible for the process of the Moderate Party joining the European People’s Party as full member.

During the years as Secretary General, he was member of the steering committee of the European Democrat Union before the merger with EPP. Subsequently he was Member of the Political Bureau, representing the Moderate Party, and was also member of the committee preparing the EPP election manifesto for the European elections in 2004.

Besides regular coordination of politics, organization and campaign he expanded the international activities and in 1993 he took the initiative to establish the Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation with international activities to support the development of democracy and rule of law in former dictatorships, which he chaired till 2000.

He also introduced a number of new fund-raising schemes. As Secretary General he was a leading spokesman for moderate policy in the Swedish public debate.

In 2000 he left his office as Secretary General and took the initiative to establish the think-tank Institute of Reform, where he was managing director, with a clear agenda to prepare policies for a shift of government after the general elections 2002, policies that could not be launched as the Social Democrats stayed in power.

2002 he became President of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs in the Swedish Parliament, a position he held until being elected Member of the European Parliament in 2004.

From 2003-2012 Gunnar Hökmark was Chairman of the Sweden-Israel Friendship Association and between 2006-2011 Mr Hökmark was Chair of European Friends of Israel. From 2009-2013 Mr Hökmark was the Chairman of the Delegation to the EU-Croatia Joint Parliamentary Committee.

Published books/works

En ny giv (A New Deal), 1981

När makt går före rätt (When Might Goes Before Right), 1982

Att försvara friheten (Defending Freedom), (Editor) 1983

Ett friare Sverige (A Freer Sweden), (Editor) 1984

Det goda Sverige (The Good Sweden), (together with O. Eiken) 1986

Frihetens värden – en europeisk utmaning (Values of Freedom – A European Challenge) 2005

Världen väntar inte (The World Does Not Wait) (2007)